Effects of music therapy by Germán Eduardo Sabogal.
In patients attending a pediatric dentistry clinic.
VIII Semester of the Faculty of Dentistry in the University headquarters Antonio Nariño, Ibagué 2015.
Thanks to the conservatory for opening its doors and knowledge as nice as it is art music, learned a lot which is an experience that we will never forget.
We are greatefull with the University Antonio Nariño for allowing us to conduct fieldwork in their facilities, infrastructure and loaning the required equipment, and to our parents for the financial support.
Patients and caregivers to be part of the study, for their assistance and allowing know an alternative technique for controlling anxiety.
To all those who with their help have collaborated in the realization of this work, especially Dr. Mariana Dombrecht, scientific advisor and Dr. Elizabeth Valderrama methodological adviser, also extend gratitude to Dr. Guiselle Negover Briñez Vasquez guidance, monitoring, supervision remains the same, but especially for the encouragement and support received over the years.
To Edelmira Arevalo that was part of the methodology and additional advice for your interest in our work and suggestions received.
To Germán Eduardo Sabogal for his advice on music therapy and support for the choice of music placed during the study.
To all of them, thank you very much.
Authors. Oscar Fernando Gómez Chavarro and Natalia Jimenez Escallón.
Anxiety and behavior are factors to manage of great importance, so much so that a high prevalence evidenced by children with rates ranging from 4% to 23% in European countries, with an extremely widespread in the UK phenomenon.
In South America, studies report rates of 34.7% in preschool; in the United States, 10 to 12 million people suffer from severe dental phobia, while 35 million people suffer from dental anxiety and stress.
Despite these high percentages, these factors still exist which generate bad behavior.
To evaluate the effect of music therapy in patients
This study is experimental, quantitative and qualitative, and was conducted in 24 pediatric patients children, from ages of 2 to 12 years, separating them into three ranges: 2-6 years, 7-11 years and 12 years onwards ; ranges from 2 to 6 years and 12 and older were excluded due to three factors, one of them was the small population of this age, the second factor was that only predominant male sex, and the third to avoid statistical bias in result.
For these reasons alone were 18 patients between 7 and 11 years.
It was conducted in two events, the first with music (songs Sleeping Babies and Dolphins) and the second without music, where Wright’s test, the test Frankl and images Venham evaluating the child’s behavior and making the performed blood pressure, heart rate and respiratory rate to assess anxiety, all these data taken before and after treatment.
It has been clinically shown as a considerable number of patients showed a decrease in anxiety and further improved their behavior, although statistically the T test student with X-LSTAT program does not supply significant data except 2%, which was the comparison made of respiratory rate 1) between: before and after the first date the sleeping baby song (p = 0.005) and 2) before treatment with the sleepy song – after treatment with the song Dolphins (p = 0.002); these are the only values less than the significance level alpha = 0.05, which means that in such cases the null value if you can reject H0 and accept Ha:
In conclusion the two songs had a great effect on calming anxiety and behavior from a clinical point of view.
As for the song Sleeping Babies anxiety had more effect on the children, and in behavior the opposite happened, the song Dolphins improved it.