Occupational therapy is a discipline that aims occupations instrumentation for the treatment of men’s health.
The occupational therapist works by the biopsychosocial welfare, assisting the individual to reach an active attitude towards their abilities and can modify their diminished skills.
In other words, occupational therapy seeks a person with physical or mental limitations may have an independent life and appreciate their own potential.
Occupational therapy may help treat brain injury and spinal cord injury, Parkinson’s disease, cerebral palsy, general weakness and post-fracture rehabilitation.
Specifically, among the area in which that operates occupational therapy they are also social outcasts, geriatrics, intellectual disability, mental health, drug dependence or community intervention.
This discipline appeals to various activities to help the subject to adapt effectively to their physical and social environment.
Notably occupation must not be understood as work or employment, but as all tasks in which the patient is concerned.
These vary with age: in occupational therapy for children, the relevant occupations will play and learn, for example.
Thus, occupational therapy is responsible for the prevention, functional diagnosis, research and treatment of everyday occupations in different areas, such as personal care (food, hygiene), recreation (games and activities recreational) and productivity (school or work activities).
The occupational therapist is the one who is responsible for bringing to fruition and develop the techniques, tools and actions that shape this type of therapy.A professional that has its origins in the eighteenth century. Specifically in the year 1793 it is when for the first time the figure of a therapist this mode is set and that is none other than the French psychiatrist Philippe Pinel, who at the time held a job that was a real revolution in society.
So he abandoned the idea that patients with these diseases had to be shackled or should hacérseles bloodletting and opted to work with them through a more moral treatment, therapeutic purposes.
Finally, it can be noted that the occupational therapist must meet three stages of training: a medical phase (related to basic medical sciences), the study of therapeutic activities for rehabilitation treatments and clinical practice.
Training is to be achieved by one through the various university degrees that currently can be found as part of the educational plans of many countries throughout the geography around the world.
Thus, after several courses and subjects are perfectly occupational therapist trained to work with their patients based on their pathologies.
Thus, given the same can put in march supported re-education techniques in psychomotricity treatments.