The history of music therapy in antiquity
“The history of music therapy in the antigest” and an art by Roberto Valderrama Hernández, Hilda Patiño Tovar and Verónica Vázquez Rojas, who collected the study of music therapy in ancient Louis Vuitton, where Jewish culture to the classical Greek and Roman cultures Who we owe most of our socio-cultural legacy.
If you can see the use of music therapy as it is, it is important to know if you have a great loss of the history of humanity if you have used it extensively. I take an example, if I consider them part of a magical – religious process; and consequently, allowed to have communication with the world of the gods and spirits; if you consider the direction of the world of the other.
To the extent that ancient civilizations evolved in their thought processes; and, consequently, each time was given another value to the rational – logical; and then change as if he conceived of music as a tool in the treatment of the sick; however, there is no one who loses the pain of the development of music as a form of deception in antiquity.
The music comes from the Greek mousike (téchne), which literally means “the art of the muses”. According to the traditional definition of the term, it is the art of sensibly and logically organizing a coherent combination of sounds and silences using the fundamental principles of melody, harmony, and rhythm through the intervention of complex psycho – psychic processes (Gaston, 1986 and Roberson and Stevens, 2001).
Based on all of the above, it can be deduced that music, like any artistic manifestation, is a cultural product; therefore, it is a social phenomenon (Merriam, 1964), and by its intrinsic characteristics is a non-verbal communication. The purpose of this art is to elicit an aesthetic experience in the listener, and to express feelings, circumstances, thoughts or ideas.
Music is a stimulus that affects the perceptive field of the human being; Thus, the sound flow can fulfill several functions: entertainment, communication, setting, education, etc. From the above, it can be deduced that in all cultures there will be musical manifestations, therefore, music is linked to a social group and its events and expressions thereof. Thus; it is important to establish that music is not universal (Grout, D, J, 2005).
Music Therapy in the Age of Prehistory Combarieu, J, 1962, states that in all known ancient cultures, music has been conceptualized, as a product that has a divine origin. Everywhere, music was considered not as a creation of man; but as the work of a supernatural being. There is nothing similar throughout the history of the art or drawing world. Of course, man has given to music the powers that were attributed to the gods; this is evidenced by the many myths that have developed about the origin of music in different cultures of antiquity. Therefore; it is part of the fact that it is a gift that comes from God.
As a consequence, music will contribute to the happiness of man and his physical and psychic health; which is universally given; however, there is also another widely held belief; which, under certain circumstances, could be used to music by malevolent spirits; which in turn can cause in man to be led to his spiritual and / or physical doom.
This can be found in the legend of time immemorial; for example, the German history of Lorelei, whose songs provoked an irresistible melancholy and induced the men to throw themselves to the Rhine, another serious example, Odysseus who told us about the sirens’ song, which enchanted the sailors, who could not resist their seduction and they were going to be shipwrecked against the rocks In the case of cro magñon or cromañón until the first cities were founded; who lived in a world populated by spirits and magic, believed that the universe was magical and ruled by the supernatural; and obviously naturally that the disease was due to magical causes and; therefore, requiring magical remedies, he thought that the disease was caused by the possession of a demonic spirit to be expelled from the sick; therefore, he felt the manifestations of his surroundings, were almost always bad or threatening, and with whom he had to reach an agreement.