Specific and systematic music education takes place at school in music lessons.
The very name of the subject suggests that it is different from such as mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, which have the name of the corresponding Sciences.
Music is a type of art that constitutes the main content of the subject.
A music lesson is an art lesson.
Together with literature and the visual arts, they constitute an aesthetic cycle.
The close relationship between these types of art is determined by the fact that each of them reveals the inner world of a person by its own specific means.
Therefore, works of fine art, the artistic word helps to convey the depth of feelings, ideas embodied in music.
In turn, music can evoke moods, experiences consistent with many works of painting and literature.
Music as a school subject is also firmly related to history.
To understand musical works, it is necessary to know the historical situation, those social problems that, in one way or another, were reflected in the composer’s work.
However, under the influence of music, a sense of belonging to historical events is created, which is very important in understanding history.
On this principle is based the content of the music lesson, whose moral and aesthetic objective is the artistic and pedagogical idea.
It reveals the eternal themes of art that are most significant for the formation of the child’s personal qualities: good and evil, love and hate, life and death, motherhood, protection of the homeland and others, captured in images artistic.
In short, children understand music according to universal human values, trying to find the answer to the question “what is truth, goodness and beauty in the world around them?”
In the lessons there is, first of all, the formation of the inner world of the child, her moral beliefs, her civic position: attitude towards family, closeness, to the homeland, understanding of her place and role in this world.
What is the purpose of the theme “music”?
The purpose of music lessons at school is to foster the musical culture of students as a necessary part of their spiritual culture.
The concept of “musical culture” is quite broad. It includes:
-moral and aesthetic feelings and beliefs, tastes and musical needs.
- knowledge, skills and abilities without which it is impossible to master the musical art (perception, performance);
- musical, creative abilities that determine the success of the musical activity.
- The musical culture of schoolchildren is formed in the process of active musical and creative activity, and the more diverse and active the activity of children in the lesson, the more successful the development of their musical and creative abilities, the formation of interests, tastes and needs.
- Therefore, the music lesson includes different activities of the students: listening (perceiving) a musical work (getting acquainted with musical works of different styles and genres, composers, performers).
- The musical work expresses the complex inner world of man.
- By influencing, music can excite, please, arouse interest. Joy, sadness, hope and frustration, happiness and suffering: all this range of human feelings transmitted in music, children listen, experience and realize.
In the process of this type of activity, the awakening and development of the child’s sensory sphere occurs, the formation of emotional responsiveness, which is necessary for its harmonious development.