The main objective of this research work is to provide very important information about the consequences of an ischemic stroke and what effect music therapy could have to prevent or improve depressive states, taking into account that stroke is the third cause of death after cardiovascular disease and cancer, and are the leading cause of disability in adults, according to various investigations.
Delving a little more into some of the consequences that survivors of an AIC must face, we take as an example the clinical characteristics of a heart attack caused by the occlusion of the anterior cerebral artery, some sequelae are:
- Parasia of the contralateral lower limb.
- Contralateral lower limb hypoesthesia
- Parasia of proximal muscles of the contralateral upper limb
- Urinary incontinence
- Eventually they may present apraxia especially in walking, apathy, behavioral disorders etc.
- This makes very clear the importance of the early initiation of the patient’s rehabilitation in order to her early social reintegration.
- Process in which an interdisciplinary group of health professionals (kinesiologist, occupational therapists, speech therapists, psychologists, etc.) coordinated by a rehabilitation physician must be involved.
- Three important moments in rehabilitation can be classified.
- 1- Implement strategies to prevent heart attack recurrence.
2- Prevent and treat acute period complications such as pneumonia, deep vein thrombosis, urinary infections and bedsores.
3- Maximize the patient’s potential for functional recovery. And it is here where our research gains strength, proposing the inclusion of music therapy in the rehabilitation plan.
- It is hardly logical that the consequences of a stroke produce a clinical picture such as depression, psychological factors such as frustration at not being able to express oneself, physical limitations, anguish due to this disease, and also biological factors such as alterations in the neurotransmitters that accompany the Stroke triggers a depressive symptomatology in a high percentage of patients.
- This can lead to a very slow recovery process and may not even reach it.
It is proposed to take advantage of the benefits it offers, finding the appropriate sounds for these patients, that reach high thresholds, stimulating and motivating these survivors to advance in their recovery as soon as possible.
- According to several investigations, it has been proven that music therapy is a means that helps to achieve the receptive collaboration of the patient in the course of a treatment.
- According to (R.W. Wilkins, 2014) through music therapy, neural networks are stimulated, associated with emotions that allow greater receptivity on the part of the patient.
- The purpose of this work is to determine the effects of music therapy, in stroke survivors, who include it in their rehabilitation plan, and to evaluate whether it really helps prevent or improve depressive symptoms.
- Getting the patient motivated and committed as much as possible in their treatment, to achieve social reintegration.